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Apple pie

Apple pie
Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times

The holidays had an accent at our house. My mother, an inspired cook, filtered American tradition through her French sensibility. It's there in the photos of our first few years in the States -- a crisp-skinned goose on the Thanksgiving table, and at Christmas, a bubbling cassoulet. As the seasons passed, American idiom crept into our kitchen. My mother experimented, learned to roast a turkey, to make cranberry sauce, to melt marshmallows on the yams.

It was to this more assimilated holiday table that I first brought that most American of icons -- a homemade apple pie. Sliced and served with the other desserts, a pumpkin tart and a tart Tatin (assimilation, it seems, only goes so far), it vanished from everyone's plates.

That recipe was on my mind when some friends and I decided to compete in the Malibu Pie Festival a few years ago. I'd made it many times over the years, always with varying results. At its best it turned out great, firm and fruity with a flakey crust. At its worst, you'd cut the first slice to find a soggy, soupy mess. With the pie contest looming, it was time for a new approach. Time, it turned out, to break a few rules.

The right apples

First up was a look at the ingredients themselves. Never a fan of supermarket Granny Smiths, freakishly large and largely soulless, I sampled my way through the Santa Monica farmers market to the See Canyon fruit stand. This seller is the Holy Grail of great apples.

With flavor bombs like Baldwin, Spy Gold, Stayman Winesap, Enterprise, Pippin and Spitzenberg, you just need a few pounds of a few varieties and you've got the underpinnings of a fantastic pie.

But what to do with the fruit? Recipes invariably tell you to slice your apples thinly, then toss them in a bowl with sugar and spices. That's the fun part, really, all that stirring as the sugar and the fruit create a kind of slurry, as the nutmeg and cinnamon spread in flecks through the mixture, filling the kitchen with their sweet scent. But it always bothered me that the instant the sugar goes in, the juice starts to leave the apples. By the time you're spooning the filling into the crust, you're awash in liquid. And while most recipes compensate with the addition of corn starch or even flour, I've always disliked the way thickeners blunted the apples' bright flavor.

It was food writer John Thorne who offered another way. His apple pie recipe flouts the slice-it-thin rule and urges you to cut your fruit into nice, big chunks. I didn't even bother to core the apples -- just sliced off each side, then made eight sort-of-equal slabs. This sharply reduced the surface area of the apples that could come into contact with the sugar, thus reducing the amount of liquid that would leak into the pie.

The final moment of mutiny came, oddly enough, via a technique I saw Martha Stewart demonstrate on TV. Instead of doing the mixing bowl thing with the apples and sugar, she piled her sliced fruit directly into the crust. Only then did she sprinkle the sugar on top, assuring her viewers that the sweeteners and spices would disperse during the baking process.

On to the crust

I know there are people who have perfectly good luck making pie crust in a food processor. I am not one of them. It's too easy to blend the butter and flour too long, which means the fat globules get too small. They coat the flour and give you a waterproof mixture, which yields a tough and ugly crust. It's just as easy -- and a lot more fun -- to use a pastry cutter to get the right proportions, to achieve those small pebbles of butter that give a flakey crust.

What put my pie crust over the top, though, was a technique borrowed from Rose Levy Berenbaum, author of "The Pie and Pastry Bible." You cut the fat into tiny cubes (she suggests three-quarters inch, but I go a bit smaller), then add it to a plastic bag with the flour mixture. Toss to distribute, squeeze out the excess air and -- here's the genius part -- you go over the whole thing with a rolling pin.

Four hours later, I was in shock, holding the blue ribbon for the best apple pie at the Malibu Pie Festival. And after second- and third-place finishes the next two years (pie crust issues, since resolved), my rebel apple pie once again won the top prize at this year's pie contest.

This is the apple pie I bake every time now, and it never fails. Cut it open, and it's all about the fruit, generous hunks of gently baked apple, its pure, clean flavor enhanced by a sweet, spicy glaze. It's the pie that will make an appearance at my holiday table, along with the cheese plate, some roasted figs and my mother's walnut tart.

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Total time: 1 hour, 10 minutes plus chilling time | Serves 8 to 10

Pie crust

  • 2 scant cups flour, plus extra for rolling out the crust
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 3/4 cup butter, cut into small cubes
  • 1/4 to 1/2 cup ice water

Step 1In a medium bowl, sift together the flour and salt. Place the flour and salt mixture in a large sealable plastic bag. Add the butter cubes to the bag and toss to distribute. Squeeze out the excess air before sealing.

Step 2Use a rolling pin and roll over the bag, flattening the butter into flakes. Chill the flattened mixture for 30 minutes, then sprinkle one-fourth cup water over the butter/flour mixture. Quickly stir until the mixture forms a dough that holds together when pinched. If the mixture is too dry, continue to add water, 1 tablespoon at a time, until the dough comes together. Be careful not to overwork the dough or it will become tough.

Step 3Form the dough into 2 flat disks 5 to 6 inches in diameter. Wrap the disks tightly in plastic wrap and chill again.

Step 4On a floured board, roll out each crust with a rolling pin to a diameter of about 12 inches (for a 9-inch pie). If the fruit is piled high in the bottom crust, you may need to roll the top crust a little larger than 12 inches; just make sure you have enough dough to go over the mounded fruit with a half-inch overlap.

Filling and assembly

  • Prepared pie crust
  • 3 to 4 pounds of apples, peeled, cored and sliced into large chunks (eighths or tenths)
  • 1/3 cup granulated sugar
  • 1 teaspoon cinnamon
  • 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground nutmeg
  • 1/8 teaspoon cayenne
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon lemon zest
  • 1/2 cup light brown sugar
  • 1 tablespoon unsalted butter
  • 1 egg, beaten (to use as an egg wash)

Step 1Heat the oven to 450 degrees.

Step 2Starting around the outside edge, line the pie crust with apple chunks. Move in concentric circles inward. When you've got the bottom layer covered, mound the rest on top. Go for density without overcrowding.

Step 3In a medium bowl, mix together the granulated sugar, cinnamon, nutmeg, cayenne, salt and lemon zest. Sprinkle the sugar/spice mixture evenly over the top of the apples, then sprinkle over the brown sugar. (Don't worry, it'll all migrate downward.) Cut the butter into tiny chunks and scatter it around, randomly but evenly over the top of the sugar.

Step 4Put the top crust on, crimp, then cut steam holes and brush on the egg wash. Chill the pie for 20 minutes or so before baking.

Step 5Place the pie in the oven and bake for 15 minutes. Reduce the heat to 350 and bake until the juices are bubbling but the fruit still feels firm (use a toothpick or the tip of a paring knife to reach through a vent hole to pierce a piece of apple), another 30 to 40 minutes. Remove the pie to a cooling rack.

Step 6Cool the pie to room temperature before serving. A few hours is fine, even overnight is good. The flavors will blend and mellow, and the juices will have time to solidify.

Each of 10 servings:
364 calories; 4 grams protein; 54 grams carbohydrates; 3 grams fiber; 16 grams fat; 10 grams saturated fat; 61 mg cholesterol; 31 grams sugar; 187 mg sodium.
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