Step 1In a medium bowl, whisk together the yolks and sugar. Set aside.
Step 2In a medium, heavy-bottom saucepan, combine the milk and vanilla bean seeds and pod. Heat the milk over medium-high heat until hot, 5 minutes.
Step 3Whisk one-half cup of the hot milk mixture into the yolks to temper the eggs, then pour the egg mixture into the saucepan, whisking it in with the milk to form a custard base.
Step 4Heat the base over medium heat, stirring constantly, until it thickens to form a custard. The custard is ready when it coats the back of a spoon.
Step 5Immediately remove from heat and strain into a bowl set over a larger bowl of ice water to stop the cooking. Stir the custard until cold, then remove to a medium bowl, cover and refrigerate until needed. This makes 1 pint creme anglaise, possibly more than is needed for the remainder of the recipe. The custard will keep, covered and refrigerated, for up to 1 week.
Step 1Combine the sugar and water in a medium, heavy-bottom pot over medium-high heat. After the sugar melts, do not stir the mixture in the pan as this will cause the sugar to become lumpy and crystallize. Continue to cook the sugar until it browns to a rich caramel color, swirling the pot gently so the sugar cooks evenly.
Step 2While the sugar is cooking, heat the cream and butter in a small saucepan until the butter melts and the cream scalds. Remove from heat.
Step 3When the sugar is caramelized, remove from heat. Gently and slowly whisk the hot cream into the caramel carefully, as the cream will steam when it is poured into the hot sugar. Cool the caramel sauce, then cover and refrigerate the sauce until needed. This makes 1 pint caramel sauce, possibly more than is needed for the remainder of the recipe; the sauce will keep, refrigerated, for up to 2 weeks. Gently reheat on the stove before using.
Step 1Heat the oven to 350 degrees.
Step 2In a large bowl, whisk together the egg yolks, cream, sugar, brandy, vanilla extract and the seeds from the bean to form a custard base. Add the bread cubes and toss to combine. Set the mixture aside until the bread cubes are soaked with the custard base, about 30 minutes, tossing every 10 minutes.
Step 3Spoon the mixture into a greased 13-by-9-inch baking dish. Place the dish in a larger roasting pan, and fill the pan with hot water until it comes up the baking dish halfway. Wrap the top of the baking dish with foil and place the roasting pan in the oven.
Step 4Bake the bread pudding until the custard is set, about 45 minutes.
Step 5Remove the roasting pan from the oven and carefully remove the baking dish from the pan. Uncover the bread pudding and place the baking dish back in the oven. Increase the oven temperature to 400 degrees. Continue to bake the bread pudding until the top is golden brown, an additional 8 to 10 minutes.
Step 6Remove the baking dish to a rack to cool slightly. Serve the bread pudding warm topped with creme anglaise and caramel sauce.