Step 1Heat oil in 6-quart pot over medium heat. Add wheat berries, onions, celery, carrots, potato, zucchini, cabbage, green beans, garlic, rosemary and basil. Cook, stirring often, until vegetables are mostly softened, about 20 minutes.
Step 2Add tomatoes and juice, whole and pureed beans, cheese rinds and 7 cups water. Bring to boil, then reduce heat and simmer, partially covered, about 1 hour 30 minutes. Add more water to keep stew-like consistency. Season to taste with salt and pepper. (Can be served immediately or cooled and refrigerated or frozen up to 3 days.)
Step 3To serve, use tongs to remove rinds. Adjust seasonings. Ladle into warm soup bowls, lightly drizzle with oil and sprinkle with basil. Pass cheese and red pepper flakes.